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October 3, 2012

CCC 385-421

Filed under: Christianity — Brandon @ 12:00 am

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  1. The mystery of lawlessness (existence of evil) only makes sense in the light of the mystery of Christ. [2 Th 2:7; 1 Tim 3:16; Rom 5:20; Lk 11:21-22; Jn 16:11; 1 Jn 3:8]

Sin & Grace

  1. Sin is man’s reject of God, no small thing.
  2. Sin is the abuse of the free will to love.
  3. Christ, revealed by the Spirit, is the source of grace; thus, Adam was the source of sin. [Rom 5:12-21; Jn 16:8]
  4. Original sin is the “bad news”, whereas Christ is the “good news”. (The Church has the mind of Christ. [1 Cor 2:16])
  5. Gn 3 is figurative, but affirms an event that marked all of human history.

Fallen Angels

  1. The first sin was the result of temptation by Satan, a fallen angel. [Gn 3:1-5; Wis 2:24; Jn 8:44; Rev 12:9]
  2. Angels that rebelled and fell from God’s grace were not saved. [2 Pt 2:4; Gn 3:5; 1 Jn 3:8; Jn 8:44]
  3. By their spiritual nature, the choice of the angels is irrevocable and therefore unforgivable.
  4. Jesus, also tempted by Satan, was sent to destroy his works, including original sin. [Jn 8:44; Mt 4:1-11; 1 Jn 3:8]
  5. Satan is a creature, so his power is limited. God permits Satan’s works, but his love is ultimately stronger. [Rom 8:28]

Original Sin

  1. Man can live in friendship with God, but must freely submit to governance over his own free will. [Gn 2:17]
  2. Man’s first sin was disobedience and a loss of trust in God. [Gn 3:1-11; Rom 5:19]
  3. Man put himself before God, desiring to by like God but without God. [Gn 3:5]
  4. Adam and Eve lose the grace of holiness and their view of God became distorted. [Rom 3:23; Gn 3:5-10]
  5. Harmony with self (i.e. self-mastery), with woman, and with creation is lost. [c.f. ¶374-379; [Gn 2:17; Gn 3:7-19; Rom 8:21; Rom 5:12]
  6. Sin manifests itself frequently in Scripture and human history, and man continually disrupts the order established by God. [Gn 4:3-15; Gn 6:5,12; Rom 1:18-32; 1 Cor 1:6; Rev 2-3]
  7. Adam’s sin impacted all men, and Christ’s salvation is just as universal. [Rom 5:12,18-19]
  8. Original sin is contracted, not committed; therefore, the Church baptizes even infants for the remission of this sin.
  9. This transmission of sin, a fallen state, is a mystery. Adam had been given original justice for the good of mankind, so this too would have been transmitted.
  10. Original sin is erased by Baptism, but concupiscence persists.
  11. The Church’s teaching on sin was refined when opposing Pelagianism (Augustine, Council of Orange, AD 529) and Protestantism (Trent, AD 1546).
  12. Original sin is a type of captivity. [Heb 2:14] Ignorance of it gives rise to errors in social and moral realms.
  13. The sin of the world include original and personal sins, but can include communal/social influences. [Jn 1:29]
  14. Dramatically speaking, man’s life is a battle against sin and a march toward grace. [1 Jn 5:19; 1 Pt 5:8]

Man Not Abandoned

  1. Man was not abandoned, but a redeemer announced. [Protoevangelium; Gn 3:15]
  2. This “New Adam” will obey unto death to amend Adam’s disobedience. [1 Cor 15:21-22,45; Phil 2:8; Rom 5:19-20] Many interpret the woman mentioned to be Mary, the “New Eve”.
  3. Man was not prevented from sinning, because God can use evil to produce a greater good. [Rom 5:20]


  1. praeteriī*
  2. praeteriī*
  3. praeteriī*
  4. praeteriī*
  5. praeteriī*
  6. praeteriī*
  7. praeteriī*
  8. praeteriī*
  9. praeteriī*

* IN BRIEF sections are materially the same as the preceding paragraphs and are generally omitted from these notes.


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