Brandon's Notepad

October 15, 2014

Through Faith, Not Works

Filed under: Christianity — Brandon @ 7:25 am
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Are good works required for salvation or is faith alone sufficient?


I cannot understand how someone who not only (supposedly) reads the Bible but claims it to be their sole deposit of faith can deny or downplay the role of good works in salvation. Whenever I enter into a discussion (read: debate) on this topic, the other person almost invariably turns first to Ephesians 2:8-9, which states that salvation is a gift from God and not something that we can earn (which is true). While they are still glowing with pride for being able to recite the passage verbatim, I ask them what verse 10 says. Unless they have a Bible with them, they usually don’t know. (Go ahead, look it up) It says that God created us to do good works. And these are not random acts of kindness, but tests of faith that he established for us to encounter ahead of time. Then, if I am prepared, I present them with any number of passages that illustrate the importance of performing good works, the most powerful of which (IMHO) is 1 Corinthians 13:1-3, in which St. Paul states, “…if I have a faith that can move mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing.” (1 Cor 13:2 NIV)

One of several typical (conditioned) responses will follow. The most common is that the performance of good works is simply a sign that the person is already saved, a notion which in my mind portrays Christians as a mindless-yet-extremely-loving swarm of zombies. I ask how they reconcile that belief with Jesus’ parable of the sheep and the goats (Mt 25:31-46) and they tell me that someone who claims to be saved but does not perform good works is really not saved at all, never was. If they are on their game, they then cite Matthew, “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven”, to which I reply with the remainder of the verse, “…but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.” (Mt 7:21 NIV) Sometimes, I will ask if they believe that love is an exercise of free will. Seeing where I am headed with this question, the reply is often that those who are saved are moved by God (the Holy Spirit in particular) to do good works, so no, it is God’s will and not free will. How then did Adam and Eve, who started off in God’s grace, choose to disobey? To not love God enough to keep his one and only commandment (not to eat the fruit of that one tree)? To dispute free will is to call the entire doctrine of original sin into question. It is useful to remind them that Paul told the Philippians to obey and “work out” their salvation, “for it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose.” (Php 2:12-13 NIV) Sorry, the free will of believers is not up for negotiation.

As a last resort, the other person may circle back around to Ephesians 2:8-9 (despite the fact that I agreed with them the first time and despite what was said about verse 10) and they will make the claim that the Catholic church bases salvation on good works alone. At last, I have an opportunity to teach them something, for what holds true for so many tenets of Catholic teaching applies here too. This is not a matter of faith or works but one of faith and works. Both are required, because in reality, they are not two separate things, but one thing. I recently heard a priest give an excellent and concise explanation of this in a sermon. He said that any external sign or work must be a reflection of an interior conversion of the soul. A non-Catholic Christian will usually appreciate it when a Catholic recognizes that “all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” (Rom 3:23 NIV) This means, of course, that we constantly have opportunities to undergo conversion, to change our minds, to experience μετάνοια (metanoia). Giving ourselves to others (our time, our love, not just our money) is the way by which we are able to see our true selves and to walk toward God. Doing good works is not filling out a spiritual bingo card. It is not simply the expression of the soul already saved, but of the soul in the act of being saved.


September 10, 2011

Baptism

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Home > My Research > Christianity > Theology > Baptism


Baptism is an ancient Judeo-Christian rite, though its meaning varies greatly by sect. The Catholic Church has always held that Baptism cleanses the sin of the recipient and is the rite of initiation into the covenant of salvation and into the Christian family, the Body of Christ. It is key to salvation. As non-Catholic Christian faith communities splintered over time, the importance of Baptism declined. Today, some Christians believe that Baptism is a (substantively) meaningless ordinance and others actually oppose it altogether.


Etymology

According to The Online Etymology Dictionary entry for “baptize”, the strict meaning of the Latin baptizare and Greek baptizein is “to immerse [or] dip in water”, though it can be used figuratively (“to be [in] over one’s head” – perhaps the ancients considered themselves to ‘flooded’ in debt instead of ‘buried’ in it). Commonly, sources point out that the word also means “to wash”, specifically with water. The Etymology section for the Baptism article in the Catholic Encyclopedia explains that the term is used both literally and figuratively in Scripture. It is careful to note that the use of the word in Scripture is more broad than the Church’s normal and unqualified reference to the Sacrament of Baptism.

Catholic Teaching

The Church’s understanding of baptism can be found in the Catechism, beginning with paragraph 1213 (summary). Here we read that baptism is the beginning of one’s life in Christ, that it is “the gateway to life in the Spirit”. [CCC 1213] It symbolizes death and resurrection with Christ and is a washing by the Spirit.

Some important observations:

  • Baptism is the normative form by which one is “born again”.
  • Logically, Reconciliation can only follow Baptism. You must enter into the covenant before it is even possible to fall away from it and be reconciled with it again.
  • The rite of initiation into the Old Covenant was circumcision; Baptism is the New Covenant equivalent.

Important Deviations

Efficacy. The Church believes that Baptism cleanses the person of both original sin and actual sins committed until that time. On the other end of the spectrum, Baptism is dismissed as a mere ritual that has no efficacy whatsoever. Support for this view is often based on an interpretation of Scripture that frames Baptism as a figure of speech referring to the profession of faith one makes when one is “born again” and becomes a “real believer”. As should be expected, Lutherans, Anglicans, and any other Protestant group that recognizes Baptism as a Sacrament – that through it grace is bestowed upon the baptized – adheres most closely to Catholic teaching. Baptists, Fundamentalists, and “Bible Christians” of all stripes are on the other end of the spectrum.

Infant Baptism. Baptism is a Sacrament, which means that grace is conferred by the act so long as the proper form and matter are used, regardless of the intellectual assent of the recipient. The opposing view is that for one to have faith in Jesus, one must comprehend that he is our Lord and Savior, and only then is one “born again”. Infants, and indeed, even small children are not capable of such comprehension; thus, since the efficacy of baptism is believed to be nil (as explained above), baptizing infants is not logical to those on the opposite end of the spectrum. (Wikipedia has a particularly-lengthy explanation about the differences, which I do not feel compelled to repeat here.)

Scripture Verses (Topical)

Typology. Noah and the Flood, Moses and the Red Sea, and Joshua and the Crossing the Jordan are all types that point to Baptism, the purging of evil through the use of water.
Gen 1:2: The waters of Creation
1 Cor 10:1-2: Crossing of the Red Sea
1 Pt 3:17-22: The Great Flood

The Baptism of John.

Versus Circumcision.
Gal 6:15: Circumcision is irrelevant

New Life/Creation.
Gal 6:16: Only new life counts
2 Cor 5:17: The old is gone and new is here.
Rom 6:3-4: Baptized into death and raised to new life
Col 2:12: Buried in baptism, raised from the dead
Jn 3:5-6: Born again in the Spirit, not the flesh

Washing.
Titus 3:3-7: Justified by the washing

Unsorted
Mt 3:13
Mt 28:19-20
Mk 16:15-16
Mt 3:15
Phil 2:7
Mt 3:16-17
Mk 10:38
Lk 12:50
Jn 19:34
1 Jn 5:6-8
Jn 3:5

Work In Progress
I am still gathering applicable passages from various sources:

The Fathers

Epistle of Barnabas, Chapter 11

Links

Catholic
forums.catholic.com/showthread.php?t=534542
http://www.saintjamesrcc.org/faith/sacraments/baptism/item/etymology-of-baptism
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02258b.htm
http://www.catholic.com/tracts/infant-baptism
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-religion/1786166/posts

AntiCatholic
http://www.clarifyingchristianity.com/get_wet.shtml
apologeticspress.ws/articles/240098
http://www.missionfoibiblique.net/baptismtestimonies.html
http://www.bibleviews.com/baptism.html

Lutheran
http://www.bookofconcord.org/smallcatechism.php
http://www.angelfire.com/ok2/ourlords/baptism.html

Reform
http://www.reformedtheology.ca/infant_baptism.htm

Baptist
http://www.biblicalstudies.com/bstudy/ecclesiology/baptist.htm

Neutral/Unknown
http://www.scribd.com/doc/14796920/The-Cleansing-Act-of-Baptism
http://www.theopedia.com/Baptism
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptism
http://www.oldpaths.com/archive/cobble/sandra/fontaine/1933/baptism.html

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